The Association for Women Geoscientists
The Association for Women Geoscientists (AWG) is an international organisation devoted to increasing the participation of women in geoscience, and inspiring girls and young women to pursue careers in geoscience-related disciplines. In this exclusive interview, we have had the pleasure of speaking with Dr Noelia Beatriz Carmona, AWG’s past president, who describes how the Association supports the professional development of its members, provides education and outreach to young women and girls, and encourages the participation of women in geoscience.
Please start by giving a brief history of AWG. Why was the Association founded, and what is its mission?
AWG is a non-profit, international organisation founded in 1977, in San Francisco. Since its origin, AWG has been devoted to enhancing the quality and level of participation of women in geosciences and to introducing girls and young women to geoscience careers.
In fact, the formation of the Association is credited to inspiration from the development of the Women Geoscientists Committee in 1973, which was a committee created by nine women from the American Geosciences Institute. Among their great achievements, these women were able to gather and analyse a great amount of data, which reflected the problems and challenges related to unequal treatment of women in the workplace. This was the prelude to the formation of the AWG in 1977.
The mission of the Association is to follow the three E’s: Encourage the participation of women in geosciences; Exchange educational, technical and professional information; and Enhance the professional growth and advancement of women in geosciences.
Who makes up your membership today?
Our members include professionals from industry, government, museums, academia, and K-12 teachers, students, retirees, and all the people interested in supporting our goals. Today, we have approximately 1000 members who are either affiliated with an AWG local chapter or are members-at-large.
Although the majority of our members are from North America, we are striving to increase our representation worldwide, and this has been a key objective for the AWG Board in the past few years. Our diverse interests and expertise cover the entire spectrum of geoscience disciplines and career paths, and we look to provide excellent networking and mentoring opportunities. Our membership is brought together by a common love of Earth science and the desire to ensure rewarding opportunities for women in the geosciences.
How does AWG encourage girls and women to pursue careers in geoscience?
There are several ways in which the Association encourages girls and women to pursue careers in geoscience. One way is through student awards and scholarships.
Examples include the AWG Maria Luisa Crawford Field Camp Scholarship, which helps support young women to gain field experience which is vital for pursuing a geoscience career; the Geoscience Inclusion, Diversity, Equality, and Accessibility (IDEA) Scholarship Program, which encourages women from underserved communities with the objective of enhancing diversity in the geosciences; the Harris-Chrysalis Scholarship, which provides degree-completion funding for women geoscience graduate students whose education has been significantly interrupted by life circumstances; and the AWG Sand Student Research Presentation Travel Award, which provides women geoscience students with support to present their research at the Annual Meeting of the Geological Society of America. AWG chapters also offer specific programs, awards, and scholarships to their members.
Another way that the Association encourages girls and women to pursue careers in geoscience is through mentoring. AWG, with other Earth and space science organisations, is sponsoring the Mentoring365 Program, which is a ‘virtual mentoring program developed to facilitate an exchange of professional knowledge, expertise, skills, insights, and experiences through dialogue and collaborative learning’.
We are trying to provide support to girls and women geoscientists in different stages of their careers, using diverse strategies, but also considering different life circumstances. We are also thinking about new awards and scholarships to implement in the future.
‘The mission of the Association is to follow the three E’s: Encourage the participation of women in geosciences; Exchange educational, technical and professional information; and Enhance the professional growth and advancement of women in geosciences.’
What are some of the benefits of increasing female participation in geoscience?
I would like to refer to the book Women in the Geosciences: Practical, Positive Practices Towards Parity by Mary Anne Holmes and her colleagues, which mentioned that ‘Diversity of the geoscience workforce matters because we need a variety of minds asking a variety of questions and posing a variety of solutions’.
As these authors also stated, more diverse working environments are more innovative and productive, as people provide their personal experiences and knowledge when looking at problems. This is particularly crucial now, as we are facing this period of environmental crisis; we need more diverse voices to find the proper solutions. And when I refer to the need of more diverse voices, I am not only thinking about women, but also all of the underrepresented groups in geosciences.
Tell us a bit about AWG’s field trips.
Our field trips are excellent opportunities for our members to visit and discover new places worldwide, as well as to share knowledge and experience with the other participants. Unfortunately, during the past year, it was necessary to cancel scheduled trips, but hopefully, as the COVID-19 pandemic is addressed with vaccinations, fewer restrictions will allow us again to offer a full variety of options.
We have two categories, field trips organised directly by the Association, and field trips organised by individual AWG chapters. We are lucky to have a field trip committee completely dedicated to providing the best services, and we have had several discussions on the Board regarding safety procedures during the pandemic.
Just prior to the pandemic, AWG held field excursions to New Zealand and England. Plans for an Iceland trip are on hold but will likely occur in 2022. We are now exploring options to organise field trips to locations we have not visited before, such as South America. We are also thinking about organising field trips particularly designed for students, like training programs. This is something we are discussing right now with the AWG Board.
‘I also believe that the pandemic gave us the opportunity to expand our contacts worldwide, to meet and interact with other groups of geoscientists who share our goals, and of course, this is something that will stay with us.’
Finally, as we begin to emerge from the COVID-19 pandemic, what are you most excited about for the future of AWG and the field of geoscience in general?
I believe that the COVID-19 pandemic taught us (or in many cases, stressed the idea) that we are going through an unprecedented environmental crisis, and that our actions to take care of the planet are urgently needed. It also made clear the necessity to strengthen scientific cooperation worldwide, and the need to count on diverse views to get out of this crisis and to also prevent and deal successfully with the crises in the future.
For our Association (as for other organisations), the pandemic forced us to be more creative in the way we communicate with our members. In this regard, the work done by all the AWG chapters has been amazing. They have been very innovative about organising online meetings and training events to continue helping their members. Once the world is safer, we are going to be able to organise field trips, and of course, all the in-person activities we usually do (training, outreach, mentoring activities, meetings, etc).
However, I also believe that the pandemic gave us the opportunity to expand our contacts worldwide, to meet and interact with other groups of geoscientists who share our goals, and of course, this is something that will stay with us.
Regarding the field of geoscience in general, the COVID-19 pandemic represented a real challenge, as scientists were not able to conduct essential activities such as fieldwork or lab experiments. But on the other hand, online field trips, meetings and mentoring activities flourished during the last two years, and in this sense, these virtual activities provide more opportunities to those students and professionals that usually, for different reasons, are not able to travel to participate in these kinds of events. So, I hope we can take the good things that we have learned from the pandemic.
In addition, some researchers were able to reorient their investigations according to the progress of the pandemic (for example, some geoscientists used their expertise in data visualisation and mapping to track and predict COVID-19 infection risks). So, I think that this global health emergency and the environmental crisis we are facing will require more geoscientists willing to do interdisciplinary research that provides better and more original solutions for a more sustainable planet.
Want to republish our articles?
We encourage all formats of sharing and republishing of our articles. Whether you want to host on your website, publication or blog, we welcome this. Find out more
Creative Commons Licence
(CC BY 4.0)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
What does this mean?
Share: You can copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format
Adapt: You can change, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially.
Credit: You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made.
More articles you may like
The black holes found at the centres of most large galaxies are now found to be fundamental to galactic formation and evolution. Until recently, however, little was understood about how these massive bodies affect the behaviours of their host galaxies and beyond. Through their research, Dr Stefi Baum and Dr Christopher O’Dea at the University of Manitoba have made important strides towards untangling the many mysteries involved in this intriguing astronomical problem.
Most rockets combine liquid hydrogen and oxygen to throw out extremely hot, expanding gas as a propellant; however, there are limits to the efficiency of this system. Dr John Slough and his colleagues at MSNW and the University of Washington have been developing new ways to propel spacecraft, with inspiration from the process that powers the Sun: nuclear fusion. Using an innovative design, his fusion-driven rocket converts the energy output of a fusion reaction directly into the propellant, opening new opportunities for space travel and exploration.
Comprising thin tubes that contain ultra-cold liquids and vapours, ‘cryogenic pulsating heat pipes’ can transport heat far more rapidly than even the most conductive metals. Logan Kossel and John Pfotenhauer at the University of Wisconsin-Madison are exploring the unique capabilities of this technology in unprecedented levels of detail. Through their research, they hope to boost the performance of pulsating heat pipes even further – potentially leading to new breakthroughs in many technologies that rely on cryogenic temperatures.
Earthquakes are one of the more destructive phenomena we encounter on Earth. However, the seismic waves that earthquakes send travelling through the Earth are powerful tools to investigate the Earth’s crust and mantle. Through a series of seismic recording stations in Canada and northern USA, Dr Fiona Darbyshire at the Université du Québec à Montréal is doing exactly that. By listening to the seismic waves emitted from earthquakes, she and her team can determine the current composition of the crust and upper mantle, while also revealing tantalising clues about the formation and evolution of tectonic plates over the planet’s long history.