Dr Michael Wangler – Using Genetics to Diagnose Rare Metabolic Diseases

Dr Michael Wangler – Using Genetics to Diagnose Rare Metabolic Diseases

Identifying the cause of an illness in a sick baby or child is not always easy, particularly if the disease is rare. Throughout his career, Dr Michael Wangler, at the Baylor College of Medicine and Jan and Dan Duncan Neurological Research Institute, has investigated rare childhood diseases. Combining his expertise in paediatrics and genetics, Dr Wangler utilises genomics, metabolomics and the humble fruit fly to identify the genes responsible for rare and undiagnosed diseases to improve both diagnosis and treatment.

Dr Stephen Kry – Improving the Quality and Accuracy of Radiotherapy Through Research

Dr Stephen Kry – Improving the Quality and Accuracy of Radiotherapy Through Research

Radiation therapy is an effective and widely used method of treating cancer, and as with any treatment, it is essential to get the right dose. However, Dr Stephen Kry from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center has found widespread errors in the systems that calculate the doses patients receive. Through his research, he has helped to identify where these errors occur, how common they are, and provide possible solutions. He hopes that his work will go on to improve the quality and efficacy of radiotherapy for many cancer patients.

Dr Peter Bretscher – A Substantiated Framework for the Prevention and Treatment of Immune System-Related Diseases

Dr Peter Bretscher – A Substantiated Framework for the Prevention and Treatment of Immune System-Related Diseases

Immunity is generated normally against invaders, such as viruses and cancer cells, but not against parts of the body to which the immune system belongs. In 1970, Dr Peter Bretscher and Dr Melvin Cohn proposed a theory to account for how this is achieved. Importantly, immune responses against invaders can take one of two main forms, and Dr Bretscher (currently at the University of Saskatchewan) also proposed an explanation for how the choice of immunity is made. These two proposals are supported by diverse findings. Here, we outline and justify these proposals and explain how they lead to strategies to prevent and treat diverse diseases.

Dr Lakshmi Mahadevan – Mental Health First Aid: Bridging the Gap between Rural Communities and Access to Care

Dr Lakshmi Mahadevan – Mental Health First Aid: Bridging the Gap between Rural Communities and Access to Care

In the USA, poor mental health and opioid addiction are prominent and widespread. With a lack of understanding and resources in many rural areas in Texas, many people facing mental health and addiction challenges do not know where to turn. Dr Lakshmi Mahadevan at Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service is helping to train up rural communities in Mental Health First Aid (MFHA) so that they can provide better care for those in need.

Dr Mauricio Morel Escobar – Creating a Sustainable Future Through Unique Materials

Dr Mauricio Morel Escobar – Creating a Sustainable Future Through Unique Materials

The process of inventing new and exciting technologies often begins with the development of unique and novel materials. The road to creating a new material has many stages, ranging from how we acquire the raw components, to how they are processed, and how they are ultimately used. Dr Mauricio Morel Escobar and his team at the Universidad de Atacama, Chile, have been investigating the synthesis, properties and optimisation of materials, towards the development of clean, energy-efficient technologies and manufacturing methods. They are also working to address the energy crisis, by exploring how materials can be used to store sustainable fuels.

Scientia Issue #139

Scientia Issue #139

This important issue of Scientia takes an exciting look into the future of health and healthcare delivery across the world. It is with great pride that we celebrate the significant advances that have been achieved across the broad realms of health and healthcare despite the adversity caused by the global COVID-19 pandemic.

Scientia Issue #138

Scientia Issue #138

As the most complex organ in the human body, conditions affecting the brain can deleteriously severe impacts on people’s lives. In this riveting and thought-provoking issue of Scientia, we showcase the scientists who are charting new frontiers in psychological and brain sciences to build brighter futures and improve well-being for all.

Scientia Issue #137

Scientia Issue #137

As the most complex organ in the human body, conditions affecting the brain can deleteriously severe impacts on people’s lives. In this riveting and thought-provoking issue of Scientia, we showcase the scientists who are charting new frontiers in psychological and brain sciences to build brighter futures and improve well-being for all.

Dr Egbert Giles Leigh, Jr – How Ecosystems are Built: Competition and Cooperation in Evolution

Dr Egbert Giles Leigh, Jr – How Ecosystems are Built: Competition and Cooperation in Evolution

Despite the old adage ‘nice guys finish last’, cooperation is common in life – from the scale of genes or cells through to entire societies. Although these two ideas seem to contradict each other, Dr Egbert Giles Leigh Jr has demonstrated throughout his career at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Panama that working together has been the key to the success of multicellular life. Here, he explains his view of how competition and cooperation both played essential roles in bringing forth productive, diverse ecosystems.

Dr Kim de Mutsert – Identifying Effective Strategies to Protect Louisiana’s Precious Wetlands

Dr Kim de Mutsert – Identifying Effective Strategies to Protect Louisiana’s Precious Wetlands

The Louisiana coastal zone is the fastest-eroding wetland in the US. This region is home to a variety of vitally important fish species for local fishing industry and ecosystems, which are currently under threat. Conservation schemes have been proposed under the 2017 Louisiana Coastal Master Plan in an attempt to preserve coastal habitats and their inhabitants. Dr Kim de Mutsert of the University of Southern Mississippi and her colleagues use simulations to reveal how different management strategies will affect fish and shellfish up to 50 years from now.

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SciComm Corner – Five Tips to Convey Complex Scientific Topics to Non-Expert Readers

SciComm Corner – Five Tips to Convey Complex Scientific Topics to Non-Expert Readers

In an age marked by fake news and sensationalist media communication, ensuring that accurate scientific information reaches the public is of utmost importance. The detrimental effects of inaccurate science communication have become particularly obvious during the COVID-19 pandemic, as countless individuals worldwide turned to the Internet to find out more about how fast the virus was spreading and what they could do to avoid contact with it.

Identifying cause of illness in a sick baby or child is difficult, particularly if the #disease is rare. Read how #researchers @bcmhouston are identifying the #genes responsible for rare & undiagnosed diseases to improve #diagnosis & #treatment: https://www.scientia.global/dr-michael-wangler-using-genetics-to-diagnose-rare-metabolic-diseases/ @mfwangler

Poor #mental health and #opioid #addiction are prominent and widespread in the USA. Read how #researchers @txextension are helping to train up rural communities in Mental Health First Aid to provide better care for those in need: https://www.scientia.global/dr-lakshmi-mahadevan-mental-health-first-aid-bridging-the-gap-between-rural-communities-and-access-to-care/

#Immunity is generated normally against invaders like #viruses but not against parts of the body to which the immune system belongs. Dr Peter Bretscher @usask has proposed a novel framework to better understand, prevent and treat disease. Read more here: https://www.scientia.global/dr-peter-bretscher-a-substantiated-framework-for-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-immune-system-related-diseases/

#Radiation therapy is an effective and widely used method of treating #cancer - but it's essential to get the dose right. #Researchers @MDAndersonNews are working to improve the quality and efficacy of #radiotherapy for many patients. Read more: https://www.scientia.global/dr-stephen-kry-improving-the-quality-and-accuracy-of-radiotherapy-through-research/ #scicomm

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