Dr Francesca Lawson – Singing and Speaking: The Complex Intertwining of Music and Language

Dr Francesca Lawson – Singing and Speaking: The Complex Intertwining of Music and Language

Dr Francesca Lawson from Brigham Young University has spent the last few decades researching the relationship between music and language. She has looked beyond Western culture and conducted many studies in the People’s Republic of China, focusing on music- and speech-based performance. Dr Lawson’s most recent work demonstrates how musicality is important in underpinning our communication, highlighting that when attitudes align, speech becomes rhythmically and musically coordinated.

Dr Xiaochuan Ma – Exploring the Evolution of Seafloor Sand Dunes

Dr Xiaochuan Ma – Exploring the Evolution of Seafloor Sand Dunes

Marine sand is both a vital natural habitat and an essential resource. However, while desert dunes are comparatively easy to observe, their oceanic counterparts are still poorly understood. Dr Xiaochuan Ma and his colleagues at the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Qingdao are mapping the shifting sands of the seafloor and measuring their movement. By investigating how seafloor dunes respond to waves, tides, and typhoons, they can help decision-makers protect and manage this critical resource.

Protecting Palau’s Food Security and Marine Ecology Using Satellite Technology

Protecting Palau’s Food Security and Marine Ecology Using Satellite Technology

Palau, a remote group of islands in the Pacific Ocean, relies heavily on wild fish to feed its citizens and support its economy. With a growing population and thriving tourism industry, the country cannot afford a crash in catch size. However, climate change is altering the ecosystems of Palau’s fishing waters, threatening harvests of important fish species. To improve the country’s food security and accelerate the achievement of the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals, the Palauan Government has teamed up with the Nature Conservancy to build a sustainable aquaculture community on the islands, with support from NASA. Using NASA satellite observations, the collaboration helps aquaculture farmers to find optimum locations to farm fish and shellfish, allowing them to produce an abundance of seafood while protecting the surrounding marine environment.

Dr Arpita Bose – Harnessing Microbes to Produce Sustainable Plastics and Biofuels

Dr Arpita Bose – Harnessing Microbes to Produce Sustainable Plastics and Biofuels

Before oxygen was widely available in Earth’s atmosphere, ancient microbes looked to other elements to obtain electrons for photosynthesis. Some of these microbes are called ‘photoferroautotrophs’ – which can take up electrons from iron available in their surrounding environment and use them to transform carbon dioxide (CO2) into biomolecules. In their research, Dr Arpita Bose and her team at Washington University in St Louis, explore the mechanisms these microbes exploit to produce biomolecules, using the electrons they take in. Their discoveries are leading to sustainable new ways to produce both plastic and fuel – and could soon prove to reduce our reliance on the compounds derived from crude oil.

Dr Jianmei Lu | Dr Quan Li – Shedding New Light on Smart Organic Materials

Dr Jianmei Lu | Dr Quan Li – Shedding New Light on Smart Organic Materials

Organic materials that can emit light in response to certain stimuli hold great promise for numerous real-world applications. So far, however, their diminished performance on exposure to water has presented numerous challenges. In their research, Dr Jianmei Lu at Soochow University and Dr Quan Li at Southeast University present a new series of compounds that instead display improved light emission when they are transformed into ‘hydrated’ crystals. By assessing the mechanisms responsible for this unique behaviour, the researchers now present new routes towards the widespread use of smart organic materials.

Scientia Issue #139

Scientia Issue #139

This important issue of Scientia takes an exciting look into the future of health and healthcare delivery across the world. It is with great pride that we celebrate the significant advances that have been achieved across the broad realms of health and healthcare despite the adversity caused by the global COVID-19 pandemic.

Scientia Issue #138

Scientia Issue #138

As the most complex organ in the human body, conditions affecting the brain can deleteriously severe impacts on people’s lives. In this riveting and thought-provoking issue of Scientia, we showcase the scientists who are charting new frontiers in psychological and brain sciences to build brighter futures and improve well-being for all.

Scientia Issue #137

Scientia Issue #137

As the most complex organ in the human body, conditions affecting the brain can deleteriously severe impacts on people’s lives. In this riveting and thought-provoking issue of Scientia, we showcase the scientists who are charting new frontiers in psychological and brain sciences to build brighter futures and improve well-being for all.

Dr Egbert Giles Leigh, Jr – How Ecosystems are Built: Competition and Cooperation in Evolution

Dr Egbert Giles Leigh, Jr – How Ecosystems are Built: Competition and Cooperation in Evolution

Despite the old adage ‘nice guys finish last’, cooperation is common in life – from the scale of genes or cells through to entire societies. Although these two ideas seem to contradict each other, Dr Egbert Giles Leigh Jr has demonstrated throughout his career at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Panama that working together has been the key to the success of multicellular life. Here, he explains his view of how competition and cooperation both played essential roles in bringing forth productive, diverse ecosystems.

Dr Kim de Mutsert – Identifying Effective Strategies to Protect Louisiana’s Precious Wetlands

Dr Kim de Mutsert – Identifying Effective Strategies to Protect Louisiana’s Precious Wetlands

The Louisiana coastal zone is the fastest-eroding wetland in the US. This region is home to a variety of vitally important fish species for local fishing industry and ecosystems, which are currently under threat. Conservation schemes have been proposed under the 2017 Louisiana Coastal Master Plan in an attempt to preserve coastal habitats and their inhabitants. Dr Kim de Mutsert of the University of Southern Mississippi and her colleagues use simulations to reveal how different management strategies will affect fish and shellfish up to 50 years from now.

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#Researchers @BYU are looking beyond Western culture to better understand the fascinating relationship between music and language. We discuss studies conducted in the People’s Republic of China, focusing on music- and speech-based performance. Read more: https://www.scientia.global/dr-francesca-lawson-singing-and-speaking-the-complex-intertwining-of-music-and-language/

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#Scientists at the #Chinese Academy of #Sciences map & measure the shifting sands of the #seafloor. By exploring how #sand responds to waves, tides & typhoons, they are helping decision-makers protect and manage this critical resource:

https://www.scientia.global/dr-xiaochuan-ma-exploring-the-evolution-of-seafloor-sand-dunes/
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