Earth and Environment

Dr Nathalie Dubois – Lake Sediments Unlock the Past

People don’t often think about mud, but this valuable sediment can record history, especially when deposited in lakes. The study of such lake sediment is known as palaeolimnology – analysing the physical, chemical and biological information preserved in sediments to...

Dr Mark Hixon – Combatting the Lionfish Invasion

Lionfish are predators that typically inhabit Pacific and Indian Ocean coral reefs. In areas where they have been introduced, they have become troublesome invaders. Populations have spread and grown in some regions to the extent that they are wreaking havoc on local...

Dr Christian Brandes – Can Climate Change Cause Earthquakes?

Earthquakes arise deep within the Earth, usually as heat from the mantle and the pull at subduction zones move tectonic plates around on the planet’s surface, causing them to interact. Dr Christian Brandes and his colleagues at Leibniz Universität in Hannover, Germany...

Professor Ingo Kowarik – Tackling the Urban Biodiversity Crisis

The planet’s human population is becoming increasingly urbanised. This has led to reduced biodiversity in cities, which has brought all sorts of problems with it – from limited species variety to declining bee populations and decreasing opportunities for urban people...

Dr Peter Krzystek – The Future of Forest Mapping

Having good knowledge of forest structures forms the basis for planning and management, and assessing the overall health of a woodland ecosystem. Over the past 15 years, automated remote sensing techniques for monitoring forests have become more widespread, allowing...

Dr Wei-Chau Xie – Shaking Up the Physics of Vibration

Nuclear power plants may be some of the most secure structures in our society, but when subjected to earthquakes, they have the potential to cause major disasters. Dr Wei-Chau Xie of the University of Waterloo in Ontario, Canada, is now developing algorithms for...

The Role of Policies in Managing Scarce Water Resources

Water scarcity and perverse policies may have severe effects on the environment, affecting society both directly and indirectly. A team from the Agrifood Research and Technology Center (CITA), the University of Zaragoza, the International Institute for Applied Systems...

Professor Gerald Reeck – The Molecular World of Aphid Feeding

Professor Gerald Reeck and his team at Kansas State University are investigating the molecular basis of aphid herbivory, including suppression of plant defences, using powerful methods of molecular genetics. This research is important for developing new aphid-pest...

Dr Justyna Widera-Kalinowska – Collaborating for a Cleaner Future

The greatest challenges facing humanity over the next decades involve finding renewable sources of energy and finding ways to restore natural resources such as clean water that have been polluted by industrialisation. Dr Justyna Widera-Kalinowska of Adelphi University...